Thursday, March 12, 2020
5 Essays - Accounting, Education, Corporate Finance, Balance Sheet 5 2. Our college I study at Zboriv College. Our college prepares specialists in such majors as: a computer programmer, a manager, a bookkeeper, a mechanic. We also have a department of vocational training. Such profession as welders, builders, computer operators, drivers are prepared here. Our college originated from a vocational school, then it was a technical school and in 1997 the technical school was restructured and named a college. The college teaching combine lectures, practical classes, seminars and self-directed study. There are one academic building and two workshops. The students coming from villages are provided with hostels accommodation with all the facilities necessary for normal study and life. The sport ground is closely to both the academic building and the hostel. The students can take part in different activities. The students may enroll in day-time or extramural department. 3. The fundamental accounting equation. Imagine that you don't owe anybody any money. That is, you don't have any liabilities. Then assets you have are equal to what you own (equity). Translated into business terms, you have a fundamental accounting equation. If firm has no debt , then: Assets=Owners' equity This means that the owners of a firm own everything. If a firm has debts: Assets-Liabilities=Owners' equity If you add an equal amount to both sides of the equation, you get new formula: Assets=Liabilities+ Owners' equity This formula is the basic for the balance sheet. 6 2. Economy Human wants are unlimited, but the resources necessary to satisfy those wants are limited. Thus, every society is faced with identical problem, the problem of scarcity . We can define economics as social science that describes and analyzes choices from among scarce resources to satisfy its wants. The study of economics will help you to live a fuller life . Economic forces affect decisions in the world of business. The development of modern economics began in the 17 th century. Economists have two ways of looking: macroeconomics and micro . The resources that do into the creation of goods and services are called the factors of production . They include: natural resources, human r-s, capital r-s and entrepreneurship. The price paid for the use of land is called rent . The price paid for the use of labor is called wages . Payment for the use of someone else's money or capital is called interest . The way in which a society goes about answer ing fundamental economic question is known as economic system. Economic systems may be classified as traditional, command or market system 3.Own business. I want to be an owner of some company in the future. A study at college and my speciality is accounting. I have some basic knowledge of economy, bookkeeping, analyzes and finance. I think it will help me in the future. Sometimes firm can be a lender if it has enough money. But don't forget to pay money to suppliers for products and raise salaries of workers. Also we can loan money to others firms. But we must be sure that we'll get money back. We have to prepare annual reports, which contain the information about financial condition and progress of our firm. The situation in the external market often changes so our profit can be not satisfactory. But new interesting ideas afford to solve this problem. 2 2. Education in Britain In Great Britain education is compulsory all children from 5 to 16 years of age. Most children start their educational in Infant School which is the first stage of Primary Educational. From 7 to 11 they attend Junior School -the second stage of Primary school. In Primary School children are taught reading, writing, arithmetic, elementary science At the age of 11 children transfer the Comprehensive Schools. These schools give general education. They also provide some vocational courses. Before the 1960s there were two main kinds of state schools in Britain: "grammar" schools and "secondary modern" schools. The grammar schools were for the most intelligent children and the secondary modern schools were for the less intelligent children. There are about 500 private schools in Britain. It's about 6% of the school population. At the age of 16 all children take the school-leaving examination and get a certificate
Tuesday, February 25, 2020
E-waste - Essay Example Regardless of the efforts by some individuals in reducing the level of e-wastes, it is unlikely that such efforts will solve the problem. E-waste, described as electronic products nearing their useful life is one of the biggest concerns for the environmentalists. Although the term e-waste describes electronic products near their useful life, some of the environmentalists use the term to describe a number of by-products and wastes dumped in the environment. According to Leonard (film), e-waste is any material dumped into the environment and has a negative effect to the environment or negatively affects the health of the people. Any by-product of the manufacturing process such as toxic fumes and wastes dumped into rivers and the soil as well as the unwanted products that consumers dispose of, whether obsolete or useless, according to Leonard (film) is e-waste. This generalization thus encompasses a number of by-products regarded as e-wastes to the environment. Since e-wastes do not dec ompose, they contribute to the biggest crisis facing human beings in this eraÃ (Reinhardt web). Although there are efforts to recycle them, not all of these wastes are recyclable. As such, the only way that people can solve the problem is by reducing the amount of wastes produced and dumped into the environment. ... Different factors contribute to the increased amount of e-wastes in the environment. Although most of the studies concentrate on the effects of dumped e-wastes as the main contributing factors to the e-wastes, Leonard (film) includes all the stages involved in the product life cycle. As Leonard argues, Ã¢â¬Å"in the past decade, the world has used at least one third of the total natural resourcesÃ¢â¬ , which portrays a danger in waiting. While the third world countries do not take part in the high level of manufacturing, developed countries such as the united states, after extensively using their natural resources have resulted to the developing countries for raw materials. This balances the level of resources consumption in the world. The manufacturing process is yet another stage that significantly contributes to the high level of e-wastes in the environment. As the process involves the use of toxics, these contribute to the high number of toxic wastes released to the environment . The manufacturing process waste people too as they work in the highly toxic environments. They inhale the fumes from the production process, which contributes to the high levels of cancer diseases. Moreover, the production process releases fumes into the environment as well as effluents that are by-products of the manufacturing process. However, the increased culture of consumerism the world has adopted in the recent past contributes to the high level of e-wastes dumped in the environment. According to Leonard, Ã¢â¬Å"an average us person consumes twice as much as they consumed 50 years ago,Ã¢â¬ yet there is no way of changing this culture of consumerism in the society. the designing of
Saturday, February 8, 2020
Government Accounting - Essay Example Such aspirations had a significant impact on the reporting formats and methods resorted to by not-for-profit organizations and government organizations and institutions. The latest accounting standards elaborately lay down the norms and principles that the administration and auditors in the government and not-for-profit organizations are required to follow. The government and not-for-profit entities are required to satisfy the appropriate authorities that they are pursuing the acceptable and valid accountability standards for the purposes of financial disclosure and reporting (Granof, 2002). In addition, they are required to chalk out and promulgate specific, discernable and quantifiable goals and performance targets. The government and not-for-profit organizations are well aware of the fact that with this rise in public scrutiny, there has been an unprecedented increase in the need for placing the people and organizations managing public funds under stringent accountability norms.
Essay About Recent College Graduate AdmissionAn essay about a recent college graduate admission is necessary if you are still studying and want to become a professional writer. In writing a PhD dissertation, you need to be well-educated about the field that you are entering, which makes it even more important for you to write a good PhD admission essay.Many of us have not written a PhD admission essay on our own, so we do not know what a good one should look like. So if you are a PhD student, or even if you are just an advanced PhD student, you can learn from those who have written PhD admissions essays. So, do not just rely on your own knowledge, but get help from those who have written PhD admission essays.The first thing that you need to consider in writing an essay about a recent college graduate admission is to make sure that you have a good topic. You might think that this is important because you will use this essay to decide whether you want to enter graduate school or not. S o you might not need to put too much importance on choosing a topic. On the other hand, it is better to choose a topic that will make the essay more interesting to the reader.You need to choose a topic that will allow you to research on it. You can choose topics that are related to your thesis topic, but it is also possible to pick topics that are completely unrelated to your thesis topic. This will give you the freedom to get the best information from the field that you are writing about.You need to give enough space to your topic in your essay about recent college graduate admission. You cannot allow your topic to be too short because then it will sound tedious and boring. You need to mention all the facts in the subject, but you do not need to provide many details. The goal is to provide sufficient information to the reader to motivate them to read further.It is not advisable to use 'I' statements in your essay about recent college graduate admission. If you want to start a discu ssion, make your statements objective. You do not need to defend yourself and defend your thesis in this essay, so do not use the 'I' statement in the title of your essay. Use the first person for your essay about recent college graduate admission.Writing an essay about a recent college graduate admission is not as hard as it sounds. There are lots of resources on the internet that you can use to help you.
Thursday, February 6, 2020
Top Guide of Research Paper Topics Pop Music Psychology research paper is a typical assignment and source of several sleepless nights at college. Students lead busy lives and frequently forget about an approaching deadline. They should ensure that they research keenly because the music industry is changing drastically. Anyway, they must not be disturbed. Things You Won't Like About Research Paper Topics Pop Music and Things You Will The mattress is created with high-density foam that has elastic and polyester within it. Paper topic is going to be the Initial and likely one of the most necessary step to take in on the procedure to success. Write down an outline of the critical points from your notes that you would like to address in the paper. Make certain that the thesis statement at the start of the paper is very clear and unambiguous and that it accurately expresses what you mean to do in the paper. Before you commence writing a single word of your paper, you first will need to understand what your thesis will be. After your outline, write down what you've found to be interesting and important about the topic of your paper. The more research you can do in order to secure better at your upcoming profession, the better. You've searched here and there to learn an acceptable topic for research but all your efforts have gone in vain. You are able to discover several websites to figure out the topic for your research work. It's very difficult to compose a top-class research project with the incorrect research topic. Attempting to compose a research paper on a topic that doesn't have a lot of research on it's incredibly hard, so before you choose a topic, do a little bit of preliminary searching and be certain you are going to have all the info you must compose your paper. One of the greatest strategies to make writing a research paper easier is to decide on a topic that you're passionate about. For example, you could tackle any present issue in psychology like equality in mental well-being. If you need assistance with research paper, you may use essay writing services. The True Meaning of Research Paper Topics Pop Music Being a location where pop culture is discussed, it may give you the inspiration which you need or supply you with ready interesting topic suggestions like the ones below. The very concept of culture is quite broad that's why in order to compose a great paper, it's better to concentrate on some type of culture. If you really need to narrow your subject, you might write abo ut a particular individual, like a musical artist who focuses on society or culture. You need to go for a theme that provides you room for fresh thoughts and bright perspectives. The Tried and True Method for Research Paper Topics Pop Music in Step by Step Detail If you decide on one of them and put forward a good argument about it, you will be inclined to get a great grade. Following are a few of the advised sociology essay topic for those students that are unable to choose a great topic for their assignment. To write a strong argumentative essay, they should begin by familiarizing themselves with some of the common, and often conflicting, positions on the research topic so that they can write an informed paper. Instead of just immediately writing about your argumentative essay topic, you should first think about what it is that you're likely to put back on your paper through a procedure of brainstorming and pre-writing. A paper is always simpler to write if you're interested in the subject, and you'll be more motivated to do in-depth research and compose a paper that actually covers the whole subject. Moral argumentative essay topics are a few of the simplest to get carried away with. Recent argumentative essay topics that are related to society is going to do. It's possible to go for an intriguing topic from any area of science. An argumentative research composition isn't a common essay. Read the very first draft like you were the professor.
Wednesday, February 5, 2020
The Importance of College Essay about How to Overcome Failure The Fight Against College Essay about How to Overcome Failure When you learn to overcome fear of failure, you'll have the ability to balance everything just fine. If you would like to learn to overcome fear of failure, you'll need to find every situation for a way for you to learn from your mistakes. The Drive for Perfection If you've encountered the fear of failure then it has to be the end result of a constant drive for perfection. Fear of failure is not uncommon among people. Don't assume that in case you read the chapter, you will be ready for exams and assignments. Nobody likes the notion of failing. If the notion of failing still offers you a nervous breakdown, think about making a plan B all the moment. As a consequence, people frequently have to handle their failures alone. Before you do anything else, you want to estimate the demand for any immediate actionsyou must take following your failure. Despite your best efforts, you might make mistakes from time to time. There are typically multiple techniques to tackle an issue, so having a backup is a fantastic method to lessen anxiety about possible failure. So How About College Essay about How to Overcome Failure? Regardless of what format you decide to compose your essay in, keep the true problem you had short. You do not accept what life is giving you and instead, you get started taking full responsibility so as to live your fantasy life. Have a very clear vision for what you want to accomplish but include learning something new in your objective. Create a crystal clear and precise image in your mind of the person you will become when you accomplish your aims. College Essay about How to Overcome Failure: the Ultimate Conve nience! Rather than doing a specific project, for example, you wind up not taking action as you're too tense or afraid of screwing everything up. If you stopped doing something or whether you stopped yourself from going after your goals because you're scared to fail, then know you've got fear, which you have to overcome. Helps you overcome fear Once you are not successful at something, at this point you understand what things to expect when trying the exact same thing the second moment. There was not any way around it. In any instance, you may read tons of different people's perspectives on the topic here. Ignore such people and focus on what you wish to accomplish. Many people don't share personal goals since they're embarrassed or afraid of being hurt. If some people today don't reach a whole answer due to the lure of some early success, many more fail due to their ego-driven commitment to what was employed in the past. College Essay about How to Overcome Failure Secrets Any action is much better than no action whatsoever. If you would like to remain in business, you require support. While there's the support and resources readily available, you need to learn to ask for assistance. There's so much support available you need to easily have the ability to find it. Most Noticeable College Essay about How to Overcome Failure Life is your main teacher, and you ought to strive to be its very best student. Learning experience is part of life and Learning experience is a means to demonstrate t hat you cannot do it alone. Understanding a number of the critical differences between high school and college might help you attain a smoother transition. Our premium plans provide various heights of profile access and data insights that may allow you to get into your dream school. You need to, however, still have a look at our recommendations about how to have a look at a college's mental health services (below). You need to provide the admissions committee enough detail to comprehend how you evolved. In reality, the teachers writing your letters of recommendation are in reality requested to rank you regarding your ability to react to setbacks. Decide now you will not allow fear to stop you from accomplish your targets and success. To get to the new small business goal you've set for yourself, you should have the urge to follow through with each action, even if it involves a level of risk. Perhaps the obstacles are associated with budget or money. Perhaps they are related to time or competition. Whenever your efforts don't satisfy your standards, concentrate on mastering that specific skill over time without compelling yourself to be this perfect that nothing gets done in your enterprise. Alternatively, you should explain why such determination is beneficial outside the pool (particularly in the academic realm, if you can). If you take some steps and don't get the desired effects, then change what you're doing, so you are able to acquire different outcomes. While it's important to work hard for the best results possible, it's also smart to find a real evaluation of your general academic health before you move forward.
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Eros, Thanatos and the Depiction of Women in Ã¢â¬Åa Farewell to ArmsÃ¢â¬Â Essay Example for Free
Eros, Thanatos and the Depiction of Women in Ã¢â¬Å"a Farewell to ArmsÃ¢â¬ Essay A career as distinguished as that of Ernest Hemingway cannot simply be condensed into a handful of words. If one were to make the attempt anyway, no choice seems to be more fitting than Ã¢â¬Å"love, death and womenÃ¢â¬ . These topics are constant companions throughout all of his work and indeed, his life. His 1929 masterpiece, Ã¢â¬Å"A Farewell to ArmsÃ¢â¬ , is a particularly good example of this. In this paper, I will show how these recurring subjects Ã¢â¬â the fascinating interplay between Eros and Thanatos and the depiction of women Ã¢â¬â help shape this seminal work. To fully appreciate the tale told in the novel, and to better understand the aforementioned, seemingly inadequate three-word summary of HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s life, some key events in his biography should be made known. Ernest Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899, in Oak Park, Illinois. In his high school years, he wrote for the school newspaper and would go on to work for the Kansas City Star; these early journalistic experiences would influence his distinctive writing style. In 1918, he signed on to become an ambulance driver in war-torn Italy. On July 8, he was severely injured by a mortar shell and received a medal for bravery. During his sixth-month recuperation, he fell in love with a Red Cross nurse; after deciding to get married, she left him for an Italian officer. This traumatic experience would decisively shape his view of women. (Ã¢â¬Å"WikipediaÃ¢â¬ ) Hemingway would endure further trials throughout his life; shortly after the particularly difficult delivery of his son in 1928, he received word of his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s suicide, foreshadowing his eventual demise by his own hand on July 2, 1961. Until then, he suffered through severe alcoholism, multiple divorces, crippling accidents, bouts of depression and dangerous war coverage. (Ã¢â¬Å"WikipediaÃ¢â¬ ) Taking this eventful existence into consideration, the importance of both Eros and Thanatos and the noteworthy depiction of women in Ã¢â¬Å"A Farewell to ArmsÃ¢â¬ come as no great surprise; it is the latter which I will first examine more closely. Hemingway and, by extension, his works, have often been accused of misogyny; Ã¢â¬Å"A Farewell to ArmsÃ¢â¬ is no exception (Wexler 111). Catherine, the main female character, Ã¢â¬Å"defines herself in terms of menÃ¢â¬ (Fetterley 67). When her late fiancee goes to war, she joins him as a nurse because of the Ã¢â¬Å"silly idea he might come to the hospital where [she] was [,] [w]ith a sabre cut [Ã¢â¬ ¦] [or] shot through the shoulder [;] [s]omething picturesqueÃ¢â¬ (Hemingway 19). Later on, her stereotypical wish to nurse her lover back to health even comes true when Frederic is placed in her care (Fetterley 67). She also shows a significant need for reassurance: Ã¢â¬Å"You are happy, arenÃ¢â¬â¢t you? Is there anything I do you donÃ¢â¬â¢t like? Can I do anything to please you? Ã¢â¬ (Hemingway 105). Her self-loathing and unhealthy self-image also reveals itself in this telling passage: How many [girls] have you [Ã¢â¬ ¦] stayed with? [Ã¢â¬ ¦] ItÃ¢â¬â¢s all right. Keep right on lying to me. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s what I want you to do. [Ã¢â¬ ¦] When a man stays with a girl when does she say how much it costs? [Ã¢â¬ ¦] I do anything you want. [Ã¢â¬ ¦] I want what you want. There isnÃ¢â¬â¢t any me any more. (Hemingway 95-96) This section is a particularly damning example of misogyny; in effect, Catherine is asking Frederic how to be a whore, demeaning both herself and her entire sex in her quest to please her beloved at any cost (Fetterley 68). Catherine is far from the only victim of the sometimes debasing treatment of women in the book. During the retreat, the Ã¢â¬Å"girls from the soldiersÃ¢â¬â¢ whorehouseÃ¢â¬ (Hemingway 168) are loaded into a truck; one of the soldiers present remarks: Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢d like to be there when some of those tough babies climb in and try and hop them. [Ã¢â¬ ¦] IÃ¢â¬â¢d like to have a crack at them for nothing. They charge too much at that house anyway. The government gyps us. Ã¢â¬ (Hemingway 168-169) This stunning disdain of female dignity makes apparent the utter disregard the soldiers have for women as human beings. A passage later on exemplifies this victimization and objectification of women during war even more clearly; when the retreating convoy picks up two virgins, their fearful demeanor leaves no doubt: there are only two roles for them on the battlefield Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"whores if they are picked up by their own side, victims of rape if they are captured by the enemyÃ¢â¬ . (Fetterley 50) The contempt of the fair gender does not stop at the disparagement of women themselves; the very thing that makes them female is attacked. When the Ã¢â¬Å"gray leather boxes heavy with the packs of clips of thin, long 6. 5 mm. cartridgesÃ¢â¬ are described as making the troops look Ã¢â¬Å"as though they were six months gone with childÃ¢â¬ (Hemingway 4), deadly implements of war are directly linked to pregnancy. This paints an unsettling picture of female biology itself as a source of death, not life, culminating in CatherineÃ¢â¬â¢s passing in the final chapter (Fetterley 62-63). This depiction of women as subservient to men, trying to fulfill their every need, is almost Puritanical in nature, hearkening back to the earliest, primary incarnations of the American myth. The fact that sexual gratification, not conception and childbirth Ã¢â¬â which is indeed presented as a Ã¢â¬Å"biological trapÃ¢â¬ (Hemingway 125) and, eventually, a death sentence Ã¢â¬â is extolled as the primary reason for a relationship shows, however, that HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s work is firmly in the subversive consummatory phase. Thankfully, the view of women presented in the novel is not wholly sexist. Catherine in particular manages to distinguish herself as a strong woman both in the beginning and the end of the novel, despite losing her identity to Frederic in the middle. FredericÃ¢â¬â¢s courtship of Catherine starts with a literally stinging rejection; when he first tries to kiss her, he is rewarded with a Ã¢â¬Å"sharp stinging flashÃ¢â¬ of a slap (Hemingway 24). Thus, Catherine asserts her dominance, taking control of their early relationship. After Frederic manages to make her laugh, however, she quickly accepts his advances. (Wexler 114) FredericÃ¢â¬â¢s intentions towards Catherine are less than noble to begin with: Ã¢â¬Å"I knew I did not love Catherine Barkley nor had any idea of loving her. This was a game, like bridge, in which you said things instead of playing cardsÃ¢â¬ (Hemingway 29). Catherine, however, is not only aware of the deceptive nature of their faux-relationship, but actively addresses it: Ã¢â¬Å"This is a rotten game we play, isnÃ¢â¬â¢t it? [Ã¢â¬ ¦] You donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to pretend you love me. Ã¢â¬ (Hemingway, 29-30) With the mutual acknowledgment of their pretense, Catherine is using Frederic just as much as he is using her Ã¢â¬â where he seeks to escape the horrors of the war with carnal gratification, Catherine needs someone to fill the hole left by her late fiancee. (Wexler 114-115) Despite the loss of self and neediness experienced by Catherine throughout most of the middle of the novel, her strong, confident side manages to reassert itself before her unfortunate demise in childbirth. Even though she faces her imminent death, the only thing on her mind is reassuring her husband: Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t worry, darling, [Ã¢â¬ ¦] IÃ¢â¬â¢m not a bit afraid. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s just a dirty trickÃ¢â¬ (Hemingway 292). This serenely selfless behavior is far removed from the desperate need to please she displayed earlier. As has hopefully become apparent, both death and life (or love, both physical and romantic) play a crucial role in Ã¢â¬Å"A Farewell to ArmsÃ¢â¬ . In the following section, I will take a closer look at this compelling relationship between Eros and Thanatos. Since the novel takes place during the uncompromisingly brutal conflict that was World War I, Thanatos is always active. Eros always manages to weave its way into the proceedings, however, even gaining the upper hand at one point in the novel. In the beginning, however, Thanatos prevails (Flores 29). The reader is presented with uncompromising scenes of violence and carnage, but the horrors of war are met with stoicism by the protagonist Frederic Henry. The death of thousands barely qualifies for a single paragraph: Ã¢â¬Å"At the start of the winter came the permanent rain and with the rain came the cholera. But it was checked and in the end only seven thousand died of it in the army. Ã¢â¬ (Hemingway 4) Frederic also seems to have no particular reason for even being in the war; being in Italy seems to be enough (Flores 29). He is not driven by any particular ideological reason, either: Ã¢â¬Å"Abstract words such as glory, honor, courage, or hallow were obscene beside the concrete names of villages, the numbers of roads, the names of rivers, the numbers of regiments and the dates. Ã¢â¬ (Hemingway 165) Almost every character in the novel also engages in self-destructive behavior Ã¢â¬â excessive drinking. Seeking oblivion instead of actually facing the horrors of war, alcohol is a constant companion to all throughout the book (Flores 31). Even when Eros touches the characters in the beginning, it is only in its basest forms. The flirtatious Rinaldi seems incapable of real love, seeking only sexual gratification (Ganzel 587). And, as mentioned above, even the relationship of Frederic and Catherine starts out as a lie, filling a need in both of them not with love, but lust. As the story unfolds, however, the grip of Thanatos on Frederic begins to weaken. Following his injury on the battlefield, his stoicism and aloofness are only slightly fazed (Ganzel 594). During his extended period of recuperation in the hospital, Frederic and Catherine start developing real feelings for each other; learning about her pregnancy in particular shakes him to his core: Ã¢â¬Å"Her conception forces him into a continuum in which the death of another can subtract from his own life. Ã¢â¬ (Ganzel 579) During the Italian retreat, Thanatos tries to reassert its grasp on Frederic Ã¢â¬â but after not only witnessing, but being directly responsible for a number of deaths in a harrowing experience, he finally slips its grasp (Ganzel 595). Having truly fallen for Catherine, his new commitment to Eros is confirmed in his baptismal Ã¢â¬Å"farewell to armsÃ¢â¬ in the river. Frederic voices these new life-affirming thoughts after escaping the river: Ã¢â¬Å"I was not made to think. I was made to eat. My God, yes. Eat and drink and sleep with Catherine. Ã¢â¬ (Hemingway 206) Thanatos reclaims his power at the end of the novel after the deceptively light-hearted stay in Switzerland; in a cruel twist of fate, it is childbirth, the ultimate expression of Eros, that takes CatherineÃ¢â¬â¢s life, springing the biological trap and leaving Frederic to trudge out into the rain, forlorn (Ganzel 581). He poignantly laments his fate: Ã¢â¬Å"Poor, poor dear Cat. And this was the price you paid for sleeping together. This was the end of the trap. This was what people got for loving each other. Ã¢â¬ (Hemingway 283) Frederic is not the only one affected by an insidious turn of events like that, however; Rinaldi also becomes a victim of the biological trap, falling prey to syphilis (Hemingway 289). Thus, Thanatos is not only able to turn the lofty side of Eros Ã¢â¬â romantic love Ã¢â¬â against its followers, but even manages to turn its basest side into death. Thus, Frederic Henry is Ã¢â¬Å"the first completely developed example of what was to become Hemingways dominant motif: a man [Ã¢â¬ ¦] who is forced to recognize the inevitability of death and the concomitant frustration of trying to secure something of value from its onslaughtÃ¢â¬ (Ganzel 577). The Ã¢â¬Å"good soldierÃ¢â¬ , protected from feelings of loss and fear by an uncaring stoicism, loses his Ã¢â¬Å"giftÃ¢â¬ through love, only to reach the tragic realization that his newfound feelings can be turned against him. (Ganzel 578) This portrayal of life and death, distinctive of the Ã¢â¬Å"Lost GenerationÃ¢â¬ of modernist authors, stands in stark contrast to earlier, romantic and playful depictions. Where Whitman is able to confidently boast Ã¢â¬Å"And as to you Death, and you bitter hug of mortality, it is idle to try to alarm meÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Song of MyselfÃ¢â¬ 1289), HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s view of death paints a much more sobering picture: If people bring so much courage to this world the world has to kill them to break them, so of course it kills them. The world breaks every one and afterward many are strong at the broken places. But those that will not break it kills. It kills the very good and the very gentle and the very brave impartially. If you are none of these you can be sure it will kill you too but there will be no special hurry. (Hemingway 222) Even spring, once the ultimate symbol of hope and life flourishing anew, is turned into a mockery of itself. As Eliot aptly puts it: Ã¢â¬Å"April is the cruelest monthÃ¢â¬Å" (Ã¢â¬Å"The Waste LandÃ¢â¬ 1), bringing only death and desperation to Frederic and Catherine. Winter, on the other hand, once the harbinger of struggles and hardship for the first pilgrims that reached the shores of America, is shown as peaceful, quiet, serene: Ã¢â¬Å"It was a fine country and every time that we went out it was fun. Ã¢â¬ (Hemingway 269) The future, once viewed with optimism, a Ã¢â¬Å"Manifest DestinyÃ¢â¬ to look forward to, suddenly looked much bleaker, an outlook colored by a war that defied belief. Compassion and courage were nowhere to be found, but cruelty abounded, as illustrated in this passage: Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬â¢If there is a retreat, how are the wounded evacuated? Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËThey are not. They take as many as they can and leave the rest. Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (Hemingway 167) In conclusion, I hope that the importance of the changing influence of Eros and Thanatos and the questionable portrayal of women in Ã¢â¬Å"A Farewell to ArmsÃ¢â¬ has become obvious. These topics appear in all of HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s works, with varying importance. Much of the novel becomes clearer when viewed through the lens of HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s biography. Taking into consideration some of the key points of his life I mentioned in the introduction, the autobiographical tendencies of the book should emerge Ã¢â¬â perhaps helping to make his overt machismo understandable, if not palatable. Most importantly, Ã¢â¬Å"A Farewell to ArmsÃ¢â¬ does an excellent job of showing the reader the sheer insanity and, through the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s unique style, the stark reality of war. Hemingway himself put it quite succinctly: Ã¢â¬Å"Never think that war, no matter how necessary, nor how justified, is not a crime. Ã¢â¬ Bibliography: * Eliot, T. S. The Waste Land. Project Gutenberg. http://www. gutenberg. org/files/1321/1321-h/1321-h. htm (Last accessed: 13. 08. 2013) * Fetterley Judith. The resisting reader: A Feminist Approach to American Fiction. Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 1978. * Flores, Olga Eugenia. Eros, Thanatos and the Hemingway Soldier. American Studies International, Vol. 18, No. 3/4 (Spring/Summer 1980), pp. 27-35. * Ganzel, Dewey. A Farewell to Arms: The Danger of Imagination. The Sewanee Review, Vol. 79, No. 4 (Autumn 1971), pp. 576-597. * Hemingway, Ernest. A Farewell to Arms. London, Arrow Books, 2004. * Wexler, Joyce. E. R. A. for Hemingway: A Feminist Defense of A Farewell to Arms. The Georgia Review, Vol. 35, No. 1 (Spring 1981), pp. 111-123. * Whitman, Walt. Song of Myself. University of Toronto RPO. http://rpo. library. utoronto. ca/poems/song-myself (Last accessed: 13. 08. 2013) * http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Ernest_Hemingway (Last accessed: 13. 08. 2013)